A host of weather satellites — and at least one astronaut — are keeping their eyes on Tropical Storm Barry as it approaches the Gulf Coast. Barry is marching slowly northwestward toward the Louisiana coast today
(July 12) and is expected to head north and inland over the lower Mississippi Valley tomorrow, according to a public advisory issued by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Hurricane Center. The winds of a tropical storm are much weaker than those of a hurricane, but the
key threat is what stands out in a photo NASA astronaut Christina Koch shared on Twitter from her vantage point on the International Space Station: a vast spread of clouds.
Those clouds threaten parts of Louisiana and Mississippi with 10 to 20 inches (25 to 50 centimeters) of rain, with a few locations perhaps seeing 25 inches (64 cm), according to the National Hurricane Center. Storm surge, gusts of winds and a few tornadoes are also potential consequences of the storm that the center is monitoring. The NASA/JAXA GPM core satellite studies cloud height (shown here in data of Tropical Storm Barry gathered on July 11, 2019) and moisture levels in the atmosphere to predict rainfall and thunderstorms.
The NASA/JAXA GPM core satellite studies cloud height (shown here in data of Tropical Storm Barry gathered on July 11, 2019) and moisture levels in the atmosphere to predict rainfall and thunderstorms. The National Hurricane Center relies in part on a host of satellites to predict where tropical storms and hurricanes will form, how they will develop and where they will end up posing a threat. One of those satellites is a joint project between NASA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency called GPM Core Observatory.
That satellite uses a microwave instrument to estimate how much rain will be produced by the moisture in the clouds. It also uses a radar instrument to measure the height of the cloud tops, which scientists can use to evaluate the risk of thunderstorms.